How to quote
When you are quoting another person word for word you should distinguish their words from your
own writing. You must also include the page number containing the quote in the citation.
For a short quote, enclose the writer's words in double "quotation marks" within
Key causes of economic deprivation include low income or unemployment which are
often the result of "poor qualification levels and lack of basic skills" (Thake and Saubach 1993, p.18).
Longer quotes should be separated from the body of your text and indented from the left-hand
margin. In this case you do not need to use quotation marks:
Charles Dicken' novel Bleak House opens with the following description to
set the scene for his story:
London, Michaelmas term lately over, and the Lord Chancellor sitting
in Lincoln's Inn Hall. Implacable November weather. As much mud in the streets as if the water
had but newly retired from the face of the earth, and it would not be wonderful to meet a Megalosaurus,
forty feet long or so, waddling like an elephantine lizard up Holborn Hill (Dickens 1853, p. 1).
The tone of this passage gives a detatched, non-committal account of the dreary winter scene...
If you need to leave out some words from the quote replace them with ... (three dots). To
insert your own words into the quote to ensure it makes grammatical sense in your work, write
your words in [square brackets] to distinguish them from the author's.
In both cases be careful not to alter the meaning of the quote by removing or adding too