Harvard Referencing Tutorial

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Aims of this tutorial
How to use the tutorial
What is citing and referencing?
An example
Why is it important to cite references?
When should I cite?
Citing using the Harvard Style
Multiple authors
Activity 1: Citing in the text
How to quote
List of references
Chapter in an edited book
Journal article
Electronic journal article
Web document
Activity 2: Compile the references
Final words of advice

If you include the author's last name in your sentence, write the date in brackets immediately after:

It has been argued by Harris (2001) that the main considerations are...

Alternatively, write both the author's last name and the date of publication in brackets:

It has been argued (Harris 2001) that the main considerations are...

If you paraphrase a particular argument or point from a source you should also include the page number:

It has been argued (Harris 2001, pp. 20-21) that the main considerations are the scope of the project, the cost and the duration of the work.

Where there is no personal author, cite the organisation which produced the publication:

Health literacy is important because people have to make critical choices about their health everyday (Centers of Disease Control and Prevention 2011).

If neither an author or an organisation is stated, cite the title of the document instead:

Google has recently launched One Pass which will enable customers to use content they've purchased on any device (Google's One Pass Could Provide Ways Around Apple Rules 2011).

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Created by University Library Service, Cardiff University

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