Citing the law

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Citing the law
Why do I need to cite?
Activity: When to cite?
Inserting footnotes
Example
Case law
Activity: Which report do I cite?
EU cases
ECHR cases
Example
Legislation
Welsh legislation
Scottish legislation
Northern Ireland legislation
EU legislation
Books
Edited books and encyclopedias
Journal articles
Electronic journal articles
Government publications
Hansard
Newspaper articles
Websites and blogs
Correspondence
Activity: Putting it all together
Bibliographies
FAQs and notes

Your bibliography will be made up of all the sources you cited in your work. Provide separate lists for each category, such as legislation, cases, government publications, books and journal articles. List items alphabetically within each category. You may be requested to divide your list of legislation and list of cases into separate sections for different jurisdictions.

Place your bibliography at the end of your work after the main body of text and any appendices.

References in a bibliography are similar in format to, but not quite the same, the citations you would use in footnotes:

Examples:

Citation in a footnote

14 MDA Freeman, Family Values and Family Justice (Ashgate 2010).
15 R Moorhead, 'An American Future? Contingency Fees, Claims Explosions and Evidence from Employment Tribunals' (2010) 73 MLR 752.
16 S Choudhry and J Herring, European Human Rights and Family Law (OUP 2010).

Reference in a bibliography

Books
Choudhry S and Herring J, European Human Rights and Family Law (OUP 2010)
Freeman MDA, Family Values and Family Justice (Ashgate 2010)

Journal Articles
Moorhead R, 'An American Future? Contingency Fees, Claims Explosions and Evidence from Employment Tribunals' (2010) 73 MLR 752

If you are citing more than one item by the same author, list the items in each category chronologically. After the reference to the first item, you can replace the author's name with two em-dashes (--):

Example:

Hart HLA, Law, Liberty and Morality (OUP 1963)
--Punishment and Responsibility (OUP 1968)

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Created by University Library Service, Cardiff University

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