Citing the law

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Citing the law
Why do I need to cite?
Activity: When to cite?
Inserting footnotes
Case law
Activity: Which report do I cite?
EU cases
ECHR cases
Welsh legislation
Scottish legislation
Northern Ireland legislation
EU legislation
Edited books and encyclopedias
Journal articles
Electronic journal articles
Government publications
Newspaper articles
Websites and blogs
Activity: Putting it all together
FAQs and notes

Here are a few examples of commonly cited sources.

Law Commission reports

Cite by name and Law Commission report number and the year of publication. If citing a specific section, give the paragraph number(s)


Law Commission, Evidence of Bad Character in Criminal Proceedings (Law Com No 273, 2001) para 2.89

Command papers

Cite Command papers by author, title, command paper number and year of publication in brackets.

Be careful to note the abbreviation for a Command paper as shown on its title page as there has been six series of Command Papers since 1833. Each series has its own unique abbreviation. These include Cm, Cmnd and Cmd.


Secretary of State for the Home Department, Identity Cards: The Next Steps (Cm 6020, 2003)


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