Citing the law

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Citing the law
Why do I need to cite?
Activity: When to cite?
Inserting footnotes
Case law
Activity: Which report do I cite?
EU cases
ECHR cases
Welsh legislation
Scottish legislation
Northern Ireland legislation
EU legislation
Edited books and encyclopedias
Journal articles
Electronic journal articles
Government publications
Newspaper articles
Websites and blogs
Activity: Putting it all together
FAQs and notes

EU Treaties and Legislation

Primary legislation from the EU comes in the form of treaties.

When citing EU treaties give the title of the treaty followed by the year of publication, the Official Journal series and the issue and page numbers.


Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community [2007] OJ C306/01

Secondary legislation from the EU comes in a variety of forms including Regulations, Directives and Decisions.

When citing EU legislation for the first time, note the Legislation type, its number and title, then publication details from the Official Journal (OJ) of the European Union. The OJ citation is given in the order: [year] OJ series Number/Page.


Council Directive 2001/29/EC on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society [2001] OJ L167/10

In subsequent footnotes a short form of the legislation title may be used, provided warning is given in brackets in the initial footnote.


1 Council Directive 93/104/EC concerning certain aspects of the organisation of working time [1993] OJ L307/18 (Working Time Directive)


4 Working Time Directive, art 2

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