Citing the law

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Citing the law
Why do I need to cite?
Activity: When to cite?
Inserting footnotes
Case law
Activity: Which report do I cite?
EU cases
ECHR cases
Welsh legislation
Scottish legislation
Northern Ireland legislation
EU legislation
Edited books and encyclopedias
Journal articles
Electronic journal articles
Government publications
Newspaper articles
Websites and blogs
Activity: Putting it all together
FAQs and notes

Click on the underlined links to reveal additional information about citing case law below:

The decision in Mullin v Richards 14 confirmed in English law the test of the standard of care required of child defendants, following the Australian case of McHale v Watson.15 The defendant in Mullin was a child aged 15 and Hutchison LJ said that in determining whether she had been negligent the question

... is not whether the actions of the defendant were such as an ordinarily prudent and reasonable adult in the defendant's situation would have realised gave rise to a risk of injury, it is whether an ordinarily prudent and reasonable 15-year-old schoolgirl in the defendant's situation would have realised as much.16

14 Mullin v Richards [1998] 1 WLR 1304 (CA).
15 McHale v Watson (1966) 115 CLR 199.
16 Mullin (n 14) 1308.

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